TREATING DIABETES WITH INSULIN
People with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes may benefit from insulin therapy. This hormone is normally produced by the pancreas and helps the body store or use blood glucose obtained from food, but diabetes affects the way the body produces or responds to insulin. People with type 1 diabetes no longer produce insulin, and those with type 2 diabetes may require insulin therapy to help their bodies process glucose to use as energy.
Insulin is most commonly injected using a special pen-like device or a syringe and fine needle, but an insulin pump may be prescribed to patients. The pump is worn outside the body and is connected to a catheter inserted below the abdomen’s skin. Insulin is depended in specific amounts and may be adjusted according to one’s meals, blood sugar levels and activities.
LIFESTYLE CHANGES TO TREAT DIABETES
One of the most important aspects of managing diabetes is maintaining a healthy lifestyle. The following lifestyle changes can help manage the symptoms of the disease and allow patients a greater quality of life:
Increasing Exercise. Getting regular aerobic exercise is important for everyone, but it is especially vital for people with diabetes. Increasing physical activity decreases blood sugar levels and encourages the body to use sugar for energy. Physical activity also boosts the body’s sensitivity to insulin, reducing the amount of the hormone needed to move sugar into the cells. People with diabetes should get at least 30 minutes of aerobic physical activity five times a week to enjoy these benefits.
Eat more vegetables, particularly non-starchy varieties.Swap whole grain foods for refined flours and grains.Choose lean proteins, including fish, vegetarian sources, eggs, skinless turkey and chicken, and lean cuts of pork or beef.Curb sweet cravings with fresh fruit.Choose low-fat dairy products.Limit unhealthy fats and instead choose healthier sources like nuts, seeds, avocados and vegetable oils.Making these lifestyle changes can greatly reduce one’s symptoms of diabetes and help patients control the disease to live long, healthy lives.